The six day war and yom

These issues at the same time increased the importance of the conflict on the international agenda and made them ever more difficult to solve. Israel was thus able to leave a skeleton force of a mere 28 tanks on the Jordan River boundary, enabling Israel's Army and Air Force to concentrate on the direct Syrian and Egyptian threats.

Nevertheless, Syrian deployments below the Golan Heights were worrying enough for Israel to send more infantry and tanks to the Golan at the end of September. With the Soviets deeply involved in the defense of Egypt - even to the point of clashing with Israel - the Americans became concerned about a strategic conflagration and negotiated a cease-fire in the form of the Rogers Plan that went into effect on August 7, East Jerusalem Arabs were allowed to choose whether or not they would retain their Jordanian citizenship or acquire Israeli citizenship.

Israeli infantry would clear the three trenches, while heliborne paratroopers would land behind Egyptian lines and silence their artillery. The terrain on either side of the route was impassable.

six day war summary

Economic assistance was provided, for example, that some of the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip were moved from camps to new homes. A second front in the Six-Day War opened on June 5, when Jordan — reacting to false reports of an Egyptian victory — began shelling Israeli positions in Jerusalem.

The rout of was unarguably a humiliation for the Arab peoples.

Six day war timeline

Between February and July , as a result of separate armistice agreements between Israel and each of the Arab states, a temporary frontier was fixed between Israel and its neighbours. Marwan informed him that a joint Syrian-Egyptian attack was imminent. Decisive, cataclysmic and dramatic, these two conflagrations have in many ways defined the conflict as it is today. Israeli forces concentrated on the border with Egypt included six armoured brigades , one infantry brigade, one mechanized infantry brigade, three paratrooper brigades, giving a total of around 70, men and tanks, who were organized in three armoured divisions. By late October, both Cairo and Damascus were exposed to an Israeli advance, and only dire Soviet threats and Superpower intervention put an end to the hostilities and certain and complete Egyptian and Syrian defeat. The battle ended in an Israeli victory, with 40 Egyptian and 19 Israeli tanks destroyed. Emerging at the western end, Israeli forces advanced to the outskirts of Arish. Begin, impatient after hearing of a cease-fire, called Dayan, who impulsively ordered a march on Jerusalem upsetting high-ranking generals stationed in other parts of the country, who wanted to be there for the historic event. Shots came at us from every alley, every corner, every window and house. The Egyptians broke that part of the agreement the next day, moving their Soviet anti-aircraft batteries close to the banks of the Suez Canal.

Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Dayan had expressly forbidden entry into the area.

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The Six Day and Yom Kippur Wars in Historical Context