At the same time, the rise of IS gave the Kurds the chance to seize the contested and oil-rich city of Kirkuk, which lies on the line between the Arab-dominated centre of Iraq and the Kurdish-dominated north.
Yet for all this attention and the tragedy of their modern history, there are barely eleven million Palestinians in the Middle East, whether in the West Bank, Gaza or Israel itself, or living in the states surrounding the Holy Land.
This results in situations where people of the same language or culture are divided by national borders, for example New Guinea splits as West Papua former Dutch colony and Papua New Guinea former British colony. Thanks to geography, the Kurds have been unable to secure a state of their own.
Is a common objective possible for diverse social and political movements? Even today the colonial boundaries form modern national boundaries. Examples of stateless nations: The Kurds currently reside in Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey, but they have not established an internationally-recognized state based on their national identity.
It would also probably have enough water to support its population and a strong, viable agricultural industry, which is a rarity in the region.
A stateless person may never have crossed an international border, having lived in the same country for his or her entire life.