Minority children with autism less likely
The index was based on data collected by the federal government from to regarding students in special education.
Head banging, arm biting and skin scratching are among the most common. Instead, Travers suspects well-intentioned school leaders may be inadvertently denying minority students an autism eligibility due to concerns about exacerbating the widely perceived problem of minority overrepresentation.
Autism rates by income
The field should focus on ensuring accurate identification of minority students with disabilities, including those who need autism-specific services. A difference in identifying black and Hispanic children with ASD relative to white children means these children may not be getting the services they need to reach their full potential. Early intervention affords the best opportunity to support healthy development and deliver benefits across the lifespan. Autism-associated health problems extend across the life span — from young children to senior citizens. For example, in Kansas, African-American students were overrepresented. The underrepresentation varies widely from state to state and shows that students from all backgrounds are not being identified accurately, resulting in many students, especially those from minority backgrounds, not receiving services that are crucial to their education. Forty-six of 49 states, including the District of Columbia, had a lower percentage of white students identified than California. Please enter your location to help us display the correct information for your area.
Many young adults with autism do not receive any healthcare for years after they stop seeing a pediatrician. The current study is the first research examination of ethnic differences in the presentation of autism symptoms in toddlers with ASD as contemporaneously reported by their parents and clinicians.
For Hispanic and American Indian students, the likelihood of autism diagnosis dropped behind the rate for students overall for every year during the study period. California was used as a comparison for the other states as it is both the largest state by population and widely considered to have outstanding infrastructure for identifying and serving students with autism.
? does autism affect a certain ethnic group?
It was also the most current year for data analyzed by the Centers for Disease Control on the prevalence of autism. It is possible that some minority parents engage in less interactional communication with health-care providers, and, hence, may be at a disadvantage to receive an informed diagnosis for their children. New research from the University of Kansas has found, in terms of autism, minorities are widely underrepresented in special education. Early intervention affords the best opportunity to support healthy development and deliver benefits across the lifespan. For example, in Kansas, African-American students were overrepresented. Larger prevalence ratios show greater differences between groups. Iowa was the only other state where that was also the case. They have also assumed that access to good schools and medical care would explain much of why white children and those of high socioeconomic status are more likely than black and Hispanic children and those of low socioeconomic status to be diagnosed with autism. As the largest state, it is also the state least vulnerable to statistical fluctuation in data, Travers said. Numerous other fluctuations in representation were found in the data as well. Nearly half of year-olds with autism have never held a paying job. White students and families traditionally have more access to autism diagnoses and interventions, which can be expensive, Travers said. While underrepresentation of minority students with autism was common, there was wide variance from state to state.
If the data showed underrepresentation in only a few states or in one geographic region it could reasonably be explained as caused by that states' policies or regional factors. The field should focus on ensuring accurate identification of minority students with disabilities, including those who need autism-specific services.
Autism in mixed race children
So, for several years we've had an incomplete picture of autism identification rates. While the prevalence of ASD does not differ across racial and ethnic groups Fombonne, , a limited number of studies have shown that children of African American, Hispanic, and Asian descent are less likely to receive early diagnosis of autism than Caucasian children Mandell et al. Minority children had lower language and communication scores than non-minority children. White students and families traditionally have more access to autism diagnoses and interventions, which can be expensive, Travers said. There is no biological reason for autism prevalence to differ across racial and ethnic groups, says Katharine Zuckerman , associate professor of general pediatrics at Oregon Health and Science University, who was not involved in the research. It was also the most current year for data analyzed by the Centers for Disease Control on the prevalence of autism. In addition, when minority children eventually diagnosed with ASD see health-care professionals, they are more likely to receive a diagnosis other than autism. White to Black White to Hispanic Looking Ahead The reduced differences in ASD prevalence for black and Hispanic children relative to white children may be due to more effective outreach directed toward minority communities and efforts to have all children screened for ASD. Note: Content may be edited for style and length. Developmental regression, or loss of skills, such as language and social interests, affects around 1 in 5 children who will go on to be diagnosed with autism and typically occurs between ages 1 and 3. Associated Challenges An estimated one-third of people with autism are nonverbal. He also hopes to determine if certain factors can more accurately predict autism identification by using a more sophisticated analysis of regional, school district, school and student -level factors. Most children were still being diagnosed after age 4, though autism can be reliably diagnosed as early as age 2. While underrepresentation of minority students with autism was common, there was wide variance from state to state. For instance, the difference in prevalence between low- and high-income white children decreased over the study period.
based on 41 review