How to write a good summary of a scientific article

You can use any software, such as EndNote or Mendeleyto format and include your references in the paper. Do NOT discuss the results or speculate as to why something happened; t hat goes in th e Discussion.

how to summarize research findings

If you can summarize the information in one sentence, then a table or graph is not necessary. For numbers, use two significant digits unless more precision is necessary 2.

Then I look at how convincing the results are and how careful the description is. You may lose evidence to reinforce your conclusion.

how to write a summary example

It is true that now they are less used by journals because you can search the whole text. If you had a complicated protocol, it may helpful to include a diagram, table or flowchart to explain the methods you used.

To what extent does the Discussion place the findings in a wider context and achieve a balance between interpretation and useful speculation versus tedious waffling?

Journal article summary example pdf

Generally, this will be in the same order as presented in the methods section. In many cases, the topic e. Examples of acceptably written abstracts are presented in Table 6 ; one of these has been modified from an actual publication. Probably, the most important thing is to thank your funding agency or the agency giving you a grant or fellowship. You need to make the Discussion corresponding to the Results, but do not reiterate the results. If your results were unexpected, try to explain why. Only abbreviations firmly established in the field are eligible e. Start by writing a summary that includes whatever you think is important, and then gradually prune it down to size by removing unnecessary words, while still retaini ng the necessary concepts. Finally, I evaluate whether the methodology used is appropriate. A good introduction should answer the following questions: What is the problem to be solved? You don't necessarily have to include all the data you've gotten during the semester. Table 3 Open in a separate window Carelessly written methods sections lack information about important issues such as sample size, numbers of patients in different groups, doses of medications, and duration of the study. And I'm not going to take on a paper to review unless I have the time.

End with a sentence explaining the specific question you asked in this experiment. It's OK for a paper to say something that you don't agree with.

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