It argues that instead of doing the right thing even if it requires personal cost or sacrificing the interest of family or community members as the traditional Consequentialist and deontological approaches suggestwe can, and indeed should, put the interests of those who are close to us above the interests of complete strangers.
Aristotle held that eudaimonia is constituted, not by honor, wealth or power, but by rational activity in accordance with virtue over a complete life, what might be described today as productive self-actualization.
Aristotle makes a number of specific remarks about phronesis that are the subject of much scholarly debate, but the related modern concept is best understood by thinking of what the virtuous morally mature adult has that nice children, including nice adolescents, lack. This is particularly true in the earliest years when the more complicated decision-making processes are not yet possible.
At the end of the day, according to the exemplarist, our moral system still rests on our basic propensity to take a liking or disliking to exemplars. Slote makes a distinction between agent-focused and agent-based theories.
For virtue ethics, the problem concerns the question of which character traits are the virtues. That good is eudaimonia. In still others, it picks out actions that are not blameworthy even if not commendable.
God is both the exemplification and the source of all goodness.