An introduction to the history of the aftermath of world war two

world war 2 countries

Added inducements for rapprochement were a realisation of the precariousness of France's great power status especially as its colonial problems mounted and above all, the perception of the advantages of economic cooperation.

The impact of war upon societies has since become a major field of study and much work has concentrated upon the social and cultural as well as the political and economic impact of the Second World War.

World war 2 conclusion

Taking total control of the government in , Hitler remilitarized Germany, stressed racial purity, and sought "living space" for the German people. The Allies established the Far Eastern Commission and Allied Council for Japan to administer their occupation of that country while the establishment Allied Control Council , administered occupied Germany. Everything seemed to point to the relative decline of Europe as a force in the world Sweden, which was neutral in both wars, has been described as "relatively backward, both in economic and political terms" before , 22 but had by the s become the epitome of the prosperous welfare state. We explore several channels through which this war might have influenced individual lives, and document which groups of the population were most affected. During the course of the fighting, the Axis and Allies created increasingly more advanced aircraft which culminated in the world's first jet fighter, the Messerschmitt Me To many officials at the time, that policy seemed fair. The German standard of living was to be reduced to its level. The physical and economic recovery of Europe was, despite the enormous damage done to the infrastructure, industry, agriculture and commerce, to be quicker than most observers expected and that of Western Europe was spectacular after the bleak and austere immediate post-war years. It seeks to disentangle effects that were clearly directly due to the war from those which can be seen as the result of changes already affecting pre-war Europe, and those due to post-war developments, such as the Cold War and the European Union. Through and , British and Axis forces battled in the sands of Libya and Egypt. Social and Cultural Change An influential view of the social effects of the Second World War argued by Arthur Marwick — , 29 is that total war had far-reaching effects, which went beyond the obvious negative effects of destruction, deaths and dislocation. The Soviet Union and its satellites were as good at building steel works and giant shipyards as their western competitors, but the former failed to satisfy the emerging demands of consumers, just as they failed to provide political choice.

It examines the relationship between long term social, economic and cultural developments and the impact of the war and political turning points.

Few would deny that the great context for the development of Europe, politically, socially and economically, in the immediate post-war years was the war, but did it really transform Europe and, if so, for how long?

world war 2 introduction essay

Dismantling of West German industry ended in A little disputed effect of total war is that it vastly increases the power of governments and both governments and peoples had become accustomed to, respectively, positions of command and dependency. The millions of displaced people within Europe also included Germans who had been settlers in lands conquered by the Third Reich during the war.

The next month, the Allies landed in Italy and began pushing up the peninsula. Rather than the focus of loyalty for cultural or ethnic reasons, a body to which the individual owed obedience, the state became a dispenser of rights and it owed the individual the good life, order and stability.

The physical and economic recovery of Europe was, despite the enormous damage done to the infrastructure, industry, agriculture and commerce, to be quicker than most observers expected and that of Western Europe was spectacular after the bleak and austere immediate post-war years.

Table 1. The Allies established the Far Eastern Commission and Allied Council for Japan to administer their occupation of that country while the establishment Allied Control Counciladministered occupied Germany.

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The Transformative Impact of World War II