An biography of alexander the great and the battles he won
He also quashed rebellions for independence in northern Greece.
Alexander the great accomplishments
In , Alexander embarked on his Asiatic expedition, arriving in Troy that spring. Between and over a third of his satraps were superseded and six were put to death, including the Persian satraps of Persis , Susiana, Carmania, and Paraetacene; three generals in Media , including Cleander , the brother of Coenus who had died a little earlier , were accused of extortion and summoned to Carmania, where they were arrested, tried, and executed. King of Macedonia In , Alexander's sister wed the Molossian king, an uncle who was also called Alexander. An emotional scene of reconciliation was followed by a vast banquet with 9, guests to celebrate the ending of the misunderstanding and the partnership in government of Macedonians and Persians—but not, as has been argued, the incorporation of all the subject peoples as partners in the commonwealth. He also added that "in the future whenever you send word to me, address yourself to me as King of Asia and not as an equal, and let me know, as the master of all that belonged to you, if you have need of anything. Even though Alexander was the feudal king of Macedonia, he didn't obtain automatic control of the Corinthian League. He began dressing like a Persian and adopted the practice of proskynesis, a Persian court custom that involved bowing down and kissing the hand of others, depending on their rank. When Alexander was 16, his father left the country to do battle, leaving Alexander as regent, or temporary ruler of Macedonia. When Alexander asked Diogenes what he could do for him, the philosopher disdainfully asked Alexander to stand a little to the side, as he was blocking the sunlight. Alexander bided his time, he scouted the area, built up a fleet of ships and lulled Porus into a false sense of security, having his men make it appear that they were going to cross the river so many times that eventually Porus got tired of responding and just ignored the noise they made. To further diffuse the situation, Alexander returned their titles and hosted a huge reconciliation banquet. In reconciliation Alexander married her, and the rest of his opponents were either won over or crushed. Alexander calculated that, although his cavalry was outnumbered 2-to-1, it was superior in skill and discipline. Arriving in Parmerio's tent in the city where he was stationed, he handed him a letter from Alexander and one marked as being from his son.
Yet, despite his military accomplishments, ancient records say that he failed to win the respect of some his subjects and, furthermore, he had some of the people closest to him murdered. Many cities surrendered while some, such as Tyrewhich was on an island, put up a fight and forced Alexander to lay siege.
Alexander the great legacy
By this, Alexander revealed for the first time that his plan was to conquer the entire Persian Empire. In , after Alexander had recovered, he and his army headed north along the rugged Persian Gulf, where many fell prey to illness, injury and death. Eventually, the Persian fleet sailed to Halicarnassus , in order to establish a new defense. He also dispatched Heracleides, an officer, to explore the Hyrcanian i. He also travelled to Libya to see the oracle of Ammon. This enraged the soldiers, who spoke critically of Alexander's new troops and condemned him for adopting Persian customs and manners. A vicious cavalry fight ensued, during which Alexander very nearly lost his life. Alexander's second-in-command, Parmenion , suggested crossing the river upstream and attacking at dawn the next day, but Alexander attacked immediately. Alexander responded quickly, driving them from their territory. In fact, the southern states of Greece were celebrating Philip II's death and expressed divided interests. By doing so, they promised to provide monetary support to Alexander.
As the story goes, Alexander took on the challenge but was unable to unravel the knot by hand. Most Read.
After this stunning victory Alexander took Syria and subdued the city of Tyre after a lengthy siege. Next up on Alexander's agenda was his campaign to conquer Egypt.
Alexander the great death
Craterus , a high-ranking officer, already had been sent off with the baggage and siege train, the elephants, and the sick and wounded, together with three battalions of the phalanx , by way of the Mulla Pass, Quetta , and Kandahar into the Helmand Valley ; from there he was to march through Drangiana to rejoin the main army on the Amanis modern Minab River in Carmania. As a teenager, Alexander became known for his exploits on the battlefield. The Tyrians politely told Alexander that their town was neutral in the war, and that allowing him to offer sacrifices to Melqart would be tantamount to recognizing him as their king. While the Macedonian army was completing its crossing into Asia Minor, Alexander, accompanied by a portion of his royal guards, sailed ahead, steering south to visit the ruins of the nearby ancient city of Troy. Shortly before his death, Alexander was supposedly asked who his empire should go to. The mercenary contingent perhaps 3, troops presented Alexander with terms under which it would surrender, but he rejected them and ordered his phalanxes to attack the mercenaries in the front, while his cavalry assaulted them on their unprotected flanks and rear. In , he created the city of Alexandria, designed as a hub for Greek culture and commerce.
Meanwhile, a rumour of his death had precipitated a revolt of Theban democrats; other Greek states favoured Thebesand the Atheniansurged on by Demosthenesvoted help.
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