The Odyssey is not a lesson plan for growth; the episodes are not didactic examples of the importance of prudence or anything else.
It is easy to see why some critics like to call him the first "modern man.
As he matures, largely as he ventures to Pylos and Sparta, along with the aid of Athena, his outlook changes and he becomes more willing to take a stance. Both father and son long to see each other after a decade of separation. Not to mention, when he returned to his land, he also had to defeat the suitors who had overrun his home and were trying to court his wife, Penelope.
Amphinomous A member of the mob of suitors, he is regarded as being the only decent man hoping to ask Penelope for her hand in marriage. In Homer's world, where there are no police or justice systems, might usually makes right.
Achilles himself is not a two-dimensional stereotype. Despite these great differences, these two characters have one thing in common: they are widely regarded as heroes in their religion.